Seminar

ENGINEERING HDR SEMINAR SERIES (43/2013) : Photocatalytic Reduction of Carbon Dioxide into Useful Chemicals using MWCNT/TiO2 Core-shell Nancomposites under Visible Light Irradiation

Ms Gui Meei Mei, postgraduate student from School of Engineering, Monash University Sunway Campus


Date: 2013-09-25
Time: 14:00 to 15:00
Venue: Engineering Meeting Room 1, 5-4-22


Abstract

Increasing levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is the primary cause of global warming. Many efforts have been devoted to reduce CO2 emissions. Recycle and utilization of CO2 for production of useful chemicals has been one of the effective alternatives. Conventional approach for conversion of CO2 involving thermochemical reaction that requires high energy supply in order to break the strong C-O bonding of the CO2 molecules. In order to overcome this problem, current research has been extended to photocatalytic reduction of CO2 in which this approach bears the unique advantages of utilizing solar energy. Photocatalytic CO2 reduction by using sunlight that resembles natural photosynthesis is a direct method to both decrease greenhouse gas and produce sustainable fuels. Visible light driven photocatalytic reaction is highly desired in order to fully harvest solar energy. However, the production of CO2-free fuels by direct conversion of solar energy into chemical energy is still a challenge for researchers. Due to relative low energy content of the visible light as compared to UV light, an effective photocatalysts that is active in visible light region and reactive to be photoexcited at low energy level is highly desired. TiO2, that is highly active for almost all photocatalytic processes, however, has poor performance in visible light irradiated photoreaction due to the fact that it can only be activated under UV light. On the other hand, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are excellent electrical conductors that show great light absorption ability and can stimulate the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 by the electron charge transfer through the heterojunction of the CNTs-TiO2 surfaces. This research work aims to develop highly reactive MWCNT/TiO2 core-shell nanocomposites for the conversion of CO2 into methane via photoreduction under visible light irradiation in a continuous gas phase reaction system.

About the Speaker

Ms Gui Meei Mei graduated with Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (honours) and Master of Science (Chemical Engineering) from Universiti Sains Malaysia. She is currently a PhD candidate at Monash University under the supervision of Dr. Chai Siang Pao. Her research focuses on photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide utilizing MWCNT/TiO2 core-shell nanocomposites. The study aims to develop an effective approach for conversion of carbon dioxide into methane, which is one of the alternative solutions for carbon dioxide capture and sequestration.