Engineering HDR Seminar Series 1_2010: Effectiveness of Motorcycle Helmet for Preventing Craniomaxillofacial Injuries

Dr Roszalina Ramli (PhD Candidate, MUARC Malaysia)

Date: 2010-05-26
Time: 13:00 to 14:00
Venue: Video Conference Room 2-3-41


Malaysia is a rapidly developing country in the South-East Asia region. The development of motor vehicle ownership is dramatically increasing, as is the burden of serious injury and death related to Road Traffic Crashes (RTC). RTC have become one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity and the second leading cause of deaths in males (Malaysian Department of Statistics, 2009). For the past ten years, motorcyclists have registered the highest road deaths compared with other road users. In 2005, motorcycle fatalities represented approximately 60% of the total road fatalities in Malaysia (Radin Umar, 2006). Head injuries have been shown to be the most frequent fatal injuries (Kraus, 1989) while facial injuries were shown to occur in one-fourth of all injured riders (Kraus et al, 2003). Moreover, facial injuries tend to occur simultaneously with head injuries (Tsai et al, 1995; Pang et al, 1999; Ankarath et al, 2002). The aim of this study is to quantify the association between helmet wearing status and helmet design (controlling for impact speed and collision partner), associated risks, distribution and severity of craniomaxillofacial injuries in motorcycle riders in Malaysia. There are three components of this research; the first component involves questionnaire on riding experience and behaviour and injury severity profile. The second component comprises helmet visual examination and finally, validation component which involves full crash investigation on sub-set of participants/crash and biomechanical test on selected helmets. A pilot study commenced on the 14th of March 2010 for duration of a month was carried out. Results will be discussed in the presentation as well as an outline of the larger research program.

About the Speaker

Dr Ramli is a Senior Consultant in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentristry, University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM). She is one of the pioneers of the Faculty, having played a leading role in its formation and set up. Dr Ramli brings extensive clinical expertise as well as a good understanding of the injuries and medical outcomes associated with motorcycle-related trauma. Her clinical expertise includes management of chronic facial pain, management of chronic non-healing wounds in the head and neck, and pediatric maxillofacial surgery. She has a strong research interest in maxillofacial trauma, prevention of road traffic crashes and injuries and tissue engineering. Currently, she is undertaking her PhD candidature, examining maxillofacial injuries amongst crash-involved motorcyclists in the Klang Valley.